Bluebell Flower (Campanula) is a genus of about 300 species of plants from the bell family (Campanulaceae). The botanical name Campanula is the Latin word for “bell”.

The species of this genus are scattered throughout the temperate regions of the hemisphere, with the greatest diversity in the Mediterranean area east of deKaukasus.

The genus includes both annual, biennial and perennial species, varying in height from less than 5 cm for single subpolar and mountain species to almost 2 m high species in grasslands and forests in temperate regions.

The incumbent (sessile) leaves are arranged alternately and vary even on a single plant often forms. The lower leaves are larger and wider, and the leaves are smaller and narrower at the top. The blade edge can be smooth or serrated, where both are on the same bush can occur. The blade varies depending on the species, from rough to velvety, from bald to hairy. Many species separate white sap in the leaves and stems. The bell-shaped flowers are usually panicles, but in some species separately. The color is usually blue to purple or sometimes white to pink or even yellow.

The corolla is bell-shaped, composed of five fused petals and often 2-5 cm long. The fruit is a capsule with numerous small seeds.

Known species are the Northern European harebell (Campanula rotundifolia), and the Southern European Campanula medium. In Belgium and the Netherlands are listed next to the harebell the rough clock and the clock rapunzel in some regions generally.

The fairy tale Rapunzel by the Brothers Grimm's Rapunzel to the bell called.

Campanula species are used as host plant by the larvae of some Lepidoptera (butterflies). Also plants in the genus clock by a number of species of wild bees inspired.



The hierarchical position of the Genus Campanula (to Crescent Bloom).

  • Regnum Plantae
  • Divisio Magnoliophyta Cronquist syn. Angiospermophyta/Anthophyta
  • Subdivisio Magnoliophytina
  • Classis Rosopsida
  • Subclassis Asteridae
  • SuperOrdo Campanulanae
  • Ordo Campanulales
  • Subordo Campanulineae
  • Familia Campanulaceae
  • Subfamilia Campanuloideae
  • Tribus Campanuleae
  • Subtribus Campanulinae
  • Genus Campanula
campanula/start.txt · Laatst gewijzigd: 2013/03/02 13:41 door