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campanula:linifolia [2014/04/07 21:38]
campanula:linifolia [2014/04/07 21:38] (huidige)
Regel 1: Regel 1:
 +===== linifolia =====
 +Also: //​linifoliae//​ and //​linifoliam//​ Decand.
 +===== Campanula linifolia =====
 + ​Scop. ​
 +{clear}
 +Also: //​linifoliae//​ Decand.
 +{clear}
 +
 +===== Nomenclatuur =====
 +1.798 c. //Campanula linifolia// Scop. //​Campanula//​ a feuilles de Lin (pl. 382: 1.798 c., tige feuillee).(( :​ref:​gastonbonnier01 ))
 +{clear}
 +Classe II. Epanthees. 21. Campanulaceae. II. Campanula. //Campanula linifoliae//​ Decand.(( :​ref:​debrotero02 ))
 +{clear}
 +(Lam.) DC. (( :​ref:​aengler01 )) = //Campanula rotundifolia//​ ssp. **Scheuchzeri** (Vill., 1779) - Fg. cauline tutte sessili (soltanto attenuate alla base). Corolla grande o mediocre, lunga 13-25mm., largam. campanulata. Fg. cauline lanceolate o lanceolato-lineari,​ larghe 3-4 (rr. sino 6) mm., le radicali spesso persistenti. - Calice a lacinie normal. erette, larghette, lunghe 1/2-1 volta la corolla. - Alpi, A. Apuane, App. tosco-em., centr., lucano e cal. e Sic. alle Madonie (Eur. Reg. art.) - //Campanula linifolia// Lam. (1783), non Scop. - //Campanula valdensis// All. (1785) = //Campanula linifolia// M. et K (1826) = //Campanula Scheuchzeri//​ var. **hirta** Koch (1837) = //Campanula recta// Dulac (1867)(**f. pilosa-hirta**) - //Campanula uniflora// Vill. (1787), non L. - //Campanula glareosa// Huet exs. 1856 ex. L. Vacc. (1911)(**f. stolonifera**)(( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 ))
 +
 +{clear}
 +M. et K. (1826) Section VII: //​Trachelium//​ Neilr. (1859)(( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 )) = //Campanula rotundifolia//​ ssp. **Scheuchzeri** (Vill., 1779) - Fg. cauline tutte sessili (soltanto attenuate alla base). Corolla grande o mediocre, lunga 13-25mm., largam. campanulata. Fg. cauline lanceolate o lanceolato-lineari,​ larghe 3-4 (rr. sino 6) mm., le radicali spesso persistenti. - Calice a lacinie normal. erette, larghette, lunghe 1/2-1 volta la corolla. - Alpi, A. Apuane, App. tosco-em., centr., lucano e cal. e Sic. alle Madonie (Eur. Reg. art.) - //Campanula linifolia// Lam. (1783), non Scop. - //Campanula valdensis// All. (1785) = //Campanula linifolia// M. et K (1826) = //Campanula Scheuchzeri//​ var. **hirta** Koch (1837) = //Campanula recta// Dulac (1867)(**f. pilosa-hirta**) - //Campanula uniflora// Vill. (1787), non L. - //Campanula glareosa// Huet exs. 1856 ex. L. Vacc. (1911)(**f. stolonifera**)(( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 ))
 +
 +{clear}
 +Synonym //Campanula Hostii// Baumg., synonym //Campanula pulla// Baumg. Ex Steud, not L., synonym //Campanula Scheuchzeri//​ Vill, synoniem //Campanula valdensis// All.
 +{clear}
 +//Campanula Hostii// synoniem //Campanula linifolia// but material offered as //Campanula Hostii// is usually //Campanula rotundifolia//​ (( :​ref:​LHBailey01 )).
 +{clear}
 +
 +
 +[{{:​campanula:​tn_c.linifolia.jpg?​300|Campanula linifolia - Foto and drawing Herman Berteler.}}]
 +{clear}
 +
 +===== Habitus =====
 +Tiges dressées, assez droites, creuses en dedans;(( :​ref:​gastonbonnier01 ))
 +{clear}
 +Descriptio. Affinis //Campanula linifoliae//​ Decand. et //Campanula rotundifoliae//;​ at foliorum mediorum forma, pube et habitu differt. Radix simpliciuscula,​ longissima, tenuis. Caulis basi longe inter rupium fissuras serpens, dein adscendens, saepe pedalis, interdum biuncialis, imo uncialis. Folia inferiora in junioribus tantum conspicua, ovalia, obtusiuscula,​ obsolete crenata; inferiora et media petiolum habent 1/2 ad 2 unc. saepe longum, laminam ejusdem longitudinis,​ suntque obsolete repanda, denticulis paucis, minutissimis,​ ciliis paucis in basi petioli; summa brevia, linearia, pauca, bracteas quoque sistunt. Flores pedicellis 1/2 - unc. longis, patentibus. Calyx tubo 1 - 2 lin. longo, laciniis angustissimis 6 - 7 lin. longis. Corolla 7 -9 lin. longa. Pistllum corollam aequat. Stamina breviora. In pascuis //Campanula Herminii// ab ovibus depasta uniflora est, parva, foliis paucis. Haec est. //Campanula angustifolia pumila monantha lusitania//​. Tournef. Inst. p. 122. aegre ab adfinibus distinguenda,​ hinc a Villarsio ad //Campanula Scheuchzeri//​ seu //Campanula linifolia// Decand. relata.(( :​ref:​debrotero02 ))
 +{clear}
 +Loosely tufted perennial, stems erect or decumbent, with erect  brs. to 10 in.
 +{clear}
 +Kleine, meist rasenbildende Arten mit traubigen, meist wenigblutigen Blutenstanden. (( :​ref:​aengler01 )) 
 +{clear}
 +//Campanula rotundifolia//​ - E pianta perenne a rosette basali di foglie dalla forma ovale-tondeggiante,​ ondulata al margine, e con stoloni sotterranei molto estesi. I fusti, prostrato-ascendenti variano in altezza dai 10 ai 60cm. Questa specie e stata da molti autori suddivisa in diverse sottospecie. Secondo alti sistematici,​ si tratta invece di vere e proprie specie che noi indichiamo scegliendo quelle ritenute piu importanti //Campanula linifolia// ha piccole foglie basali reniformi, le superiori lineari, strettamente ovali, sessili e pelose al margine; i fusti alti da 10 a 35cm. portano da 1 a 6 fiori penduli, rotondo-campanulati,​ lunghi 3cm. circa, con sottili penduncoli e lobi del calice lunghe quanto la corolla; //Campanula scheuchzeri//​ alta sino a 40cm. ha fusto glabro e foglie inferiori lunghe e strette, le caulinari lineari e sessili; i fiori sono singoli, ampiamente campanulati con lobi ricurvi e corolla azzurro-purpureo o violetto lunga 2-3cm.(( :​ref:​gnicolini01 ))
 +{clear}
 +===== Leaves =====
 + ​feuilles moyennes ovales-allongées,​ 3 à 6 fois plus longues que larges, de 25 à 80 mm. de longueur sur 3 à 12 mm. de largeur; se rétrécissant à la base et au sommet, à nervures peu visibles, sans pétiole, entières ou peu dentées;(( :​ref:​gastonbonnier01 ))
 +{clear}
 +
 +Lower leaves petioled, cordate-reniform,​ stem leaves abundant, sessile, linear to linear-lanceolate,​ to 2 in. long, entire or  obscurerly toothed, often ciliate.
 +{clear}
 +
 +===== Flowers =====
 +Calice à divisions dressées, galant à peine la moitié de la longueur de la corolle, laquelle ne mesure environ que de 1 à 2 cm.(( :​ref:​gastonbonnier01 ))
 +{clear}
 +
 +Flower measuring,​between 15 - 25mm (5/8 to 1 inch.)(( :​ref:​alpinaresearch02 )) 
 +{clear}
 +Flowers terminal, solitary or in few-flowered racemes, clayx without appendages, lobes often nearly as long as the corolla, corolla lilac to rose-violet, ​ 5/8 in. long, funnelform.
 +{clear}
 +
 +===== Chromosome =====
 +While the intermediate morphological position of No. 81 between typical //Campanula rotundifolia//​ and typical //Campanula scheuchzeri//​ supports a hybrid origin three other facts contradict such an explanation. First the chromosome number of the supposed parent species is 68, secondly there is a high pollen fertility in No. 81 (no shriveled or empty grains, few per cent dwarf grains), and thirdly no seeds were obtained after crossings with a tetraploid //Campanula rotundifolia//​ (2n=68; “//​Campanula linifolia// Scop.” From the Botanical Gardens in Greifswald).
 +
 +The meiotic behavior is difficult to interpret. The occurrence of heteromorphic bivalents, rings and other configurations may as well be the result of hybridization as of translocations or both. At the present stage of knowledge the conclusion may be drawn that the plant from Termignon (No. 81) cannot be a primary hybrid between species with 2n=68. However, it may have envolved from such a hybrid by subsequent chromosome repatterning and increase in chromosome number. In many respects it behaves as a stabilized entity which perhaps deserves taxonomical recognition(( :​ref:​tygewbocher01 )).
 +{clear}
 +===== Fruit =====
 +{clear}
 +Seed available, in small quantity. Species actually grown or used for breeding (( :​ref:​alpinaresearch03 ))
 +{clear}
 +Kapsel nahe am Grunde aufspringend (Hangende Kapseln springen meist nahe am Grunde, aufrechte nahe den Kelchb. auf. Man kann daher im Allgemeinen die Art des Aufspringens aus der Stellung der verbluhten Bl. erschliessen,​ besonders wenn diese gestielt sind.) Sect. I //Medium// Tourn. (als Gatt.). B. //​Triloculares//​. Kapsel 3facherig (seltener bei ein- und derselben Art hier und da auch 5facherig) (( :​ref:​aengler01 )) 
 +{clear}
 +===== Varieties =====
 +* //Campanula linifolia// var. **albiflora**
 +{clear}
 +
 +* //Campanula linifolia// ssp. **f. ciliata** Witasek. in L. Vacc. (1911), Alpi vicent. ed aostane - //Campanula linifolia// ssp. **f. racemosa** (D. Torre et S., 1912) - //Campanula carnica// var. **racemosa** Krasan (1887) = //Campanula carnica// var. **pseudo-carnica** (Gelmi (1893), Trento, Arco, V. di Non e Bolzanese ad Eppan e pr. Lana.(( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 ))
 +{clear}
 +
 +* //Campanula linifolia// var. **f. hirta** Beg. (1903) = //Campanula rotundifolia//​ ssp. **Linifolia** (Scop., 1769) Synonym: //Campanula rotundifolia//​ var. **reflexa** Hausm. (1859), synonym: //Campanula carnica// Schiede (1826) - //Campanula carnica// var. **hirta** Gelmi (1893)(**f. pilosa**) - //Campanula vestina// Porta ex Huter (1907)(( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 ))
 +{clear}
 +
 +* //Campanula linifolia// var. **langsdorffiana**
 +{clear}
 +
 +* //Campanula linifolia// ssp. **f. racemosa** (D. Torre et S., 1912)- ​ //Campanula linifolia// ssp. **f. ciliata** Witasek. in L. Vacc. (1911), Alpi vicent. ed aostane -  - //Campanula carnica// var. **racemosa** Krasan (1887) = //Campanula carnica// var. **pseudo-carnica** (Gelmi (1893), Trento, Arco, V. di Non e Bolzanese ad Eppan e pr. Lana.(( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 ))
 +{clear}
 +{clear}
 +
 +* //Campanula linifolia// var. **valdensis**
 +{clear}
 +
 +
 +
 +===== Origin =====
 +Alps, Europe, Mittel- und Sudfrankreich
 +{clear}
 +Vosges, Jura, Alpes, Forez, Auvergne, Cévennes, Pyrénées.(( :​ref:​gastonbonnier01 ))
 +{clear}
 +
 +
 +
  
campanula/linifolia.txt · Laatst gewijzigd: 2014/04/07 21:38 (Externe bewerking)