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campanula:peregrina [2013/09/19 23:04] (huidige)
Regel 1: Regel 1:
 +===== peregrina =====
  
 +===== Campanula peregrina =====
 + L.
 +{clear}
 +Also: //​peregrinae//​
 +{clear}
 +===== Infrageneric Taxa =====
 +{clear}
 +    * Subgenus **Pterophyllum** Damboldt, **sect. nov.**
 +{clear}
 +    * Type. //Campanula peregrina// L., Mant. Alt. 204(1771)(( :​ref:​JDamboldt01 ))
 +{clear}
 +===== Nomenclatuur =====
 +Classis II. Epanthae. 21. Campanulaceae. II. //​Campanula//​. 6. //Campanula peregrina//​. Tabula 83.
 +{clear}
 +**Synonym**: ​
 +{clear}
 +* //Campanula peregrina//​. Linn. //​Mant.II.p.204//​ ... //​Sp.pl.Ed.//​ Willd.//​I.p.906.//​
 +{clear}
 +* //Campanula primulaefolia//​. Brot. //​lusit.I.p.288//​. ....Phytogr. //lusit. Fasc.I.n.9. Tab.1. et 2//.
 +{clear}
 +* //Campanula Trachelium//​. Brot. //​lusit.I.p.287//​.(( :​ref:​debrotero02 ))
 +
 +
 +Bornmuller in Beih.Bot.Centr. 61B:​72(1941) mentioned that a Sintenis gathering (Sint. 1890:3522) from Egin (B7 Erzincan:​Kemaliye) represented an undescribed species of //​Michauxia//​. The incomplete specimen (without capsules and only two flowers) was given the exsiccata //nomen, Michauxia spathulaefolia//,​ by Haussknecht. The material I have studied from the Sintenis collection in Lund agrees with the description given by Bornmuller. The two flowers have a 5-fid calyx and corolla; calyx appendages are absent and the corolla is 1/3 or 1/4 divided; the style is trifid. The plants therefore belong not to //​Michauxia//​ but to //​Campanula//​ and possibly represent a new species related to //Campanula peregrina// L., but the material is insufficient for description.(( :​ref:​JDamboldt01 ))
 +{clear}
 +===== Names =====
 +Fr.: //Campanula voyageuse//​(( :​ref:​debrotero02 ))
 +{clear}
 +P.: //Campanula pregrina//
 +{clear}
 +
 +===== Habitus =====
 +Character. Hispidissima,​ caule simplici, foliis dentato-crenatis in petiolum alatum angustatis sessilibusque,​ floribus axillaribus. Diagnosis. Caulis erectus, simplicissimus. Perennis.(( :​ref:​debrotero02 ))
 +{clear}
 +Herbae biennes.(( :​ref:​JDamboldt01 ))
 +{clear}
 +Erect, rather bristly-stemmed biennial, 2-3 ft. Flower stems simple.
 +{clear}
 +**Obs.3.** Nimis affinis //Campanula peregrine// Lin. (**Mant.p.20 4.**) et //Campanula lanuginosae//​ La Marck (**Dic.Encycl.Tom. I.p.584.**) Sed ultra alias notas in descriptione datas, ab illis differt radice perenni, nec bienni; caule asperius hispido, anguloso, nec tereti; foliis oblanciolatis inaequaliter crenatis, seu duplicato-crenatis,​ subtus inter venas hispidas glabris; petioli marginibus non serratis seu dentatis; floribus lateralibus saepius non solitariis; corolla valde maiori, fundo albido, nec atrocaeruleo.(( :​ref:​choffmannsegghflink01 ))
 +{clear}(//​**Not available yet!**//)
 +{clear}
 +===== Leaves =====
 +Folia inferiora petiolata, lamina in petiolum decurrente; superiora sessilia; omnia acuta, dentato-crenata,​ crenis denticulatis,​ rugosa.(( :​ref:​debrotero02 ))
 +{clear}
 +Folia basalia et caulina inferiora in petiolum ad 10cm. longum attenuata.(( :​ref:​JDamboldt01 ))
 +{clear}
 +Rosette leaves ovate to spatulate, to 4 in. long, crenate, rugose, stem leaves sessile, ovate, acute.
 +{clear}
 +
 +===== Flowers =====
 +Pedicelli solitarii, binive. Calyx laciniis lanceolatis corolla paullo brevioribus. Corolla coerulea. Floraison. Ete.(( :​ref:​debrotero02 ))
 +{clear}
 +Stylus filiformis, trifidus.(( :​ref:​JDamboldt01 ))
 +{clear}
 +Flowers in spikes, calyx ciliate, without appendages, lobes broad, corolla deep violet toward the center with lighter lobes, funnelform.
 +{clear}
 +===== Chromosomes =====
 +The peculiar, often cultivated, //Campanula primulifolia//​ Brot. from S Portugal seems to be related to //Campanula peregrina// (both species have the same chromosome number of 2n = 26) and should therefore be placed in the same section.(( :​ref:​JDamboldt01 ))
 +{clear}
 +
 +Segundo os dados de Tischler (1950), Darlington & Wylie (1955), Love & Love (1948; 1961), Alava & al. (1958, 1959, 1960) e Bocher (1960), os numeros basicos no genero //​Campanula//​ sao 8, 10, 12, 13, 14 e 17. Em  face das observacoes de Larsen (1954) e das nossas em //Campanula lusitanica//,​ fica estabelicida,​ fora de duvida, a existencia de mais outro numero basico, que e 9. Atendendo a que Campanula colorata possui n = 12 e Campanula erinus n = 14, consideramos provavel que 6 e 7 sejam, respectivamente,​ os numeros basicos dessas especies(A existencia de n = 6 nos generos //​Fasione//,​ //​Asyneuma//​ e //​Phyteuma//,​ bem como de n = 7 em //​Specularia//,​ esta de acordo com este ponte de viasta.), e que elas correspondam a tetraploides. O numero 13, encontrado em //Campanula cervicaria//​ e //Campanula peregrina// (//​primulaefolia//​),​ teria sido derivado de 12 ou de 14, mais provavelmente de 12. Sendo assim, a serie de numeros basicos em //​Campanula//​ sera 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 e 17.
 +
 +A explicacao do aparecimento das series aditivas de numeros basicos deste tipo e um problema complexo, porqunto e muito dificil estabelecer se a evolucao se deu no sentido do aumento ou da diminuicao do numero de cromosomas ou simultaneamente nas duas direccoes. Em //Campanula persicifolia//,​ Darlington & La Cour (1950) mostraram que ambos os processos podem ter lugar.(( :​ref:​abiliofernandes01 ))
 +===== Fruit =====
 +Capsula trilocularis,​ poris ca. medianis dehiscens.(( :​ref:​JDamboldt01 ))
 +{clear}
 +Seed available, in small quantity. Species actually grown or used for breeding (( :​ref:​alpinaresearch03 ))
 +{clear}
 +Nous n’avons pas vu chez le //Campanula Medium// d’ovaires a quatre loges, mais une anomalie de ce genre a ete mentionnee par Alph. De Candolla (op. cit., p. 381, tab. II.B, fig. 9) pour le //Campanula Medium// et (op. cit. p.29) pour le //Campanula peregrina// (( :​ref:​jbriquet01 )).  ​
 +===== Living =====
 +Lieu natal. Dans les sites ombrages et humides sur les rochers audessus de Punhete au bord de la riviere du Zezere; aux environs de Monchique; dans les contrees sous-alpines de la province de Beira, selon Brotero.(( :​ref:​debrotero02 ))
 +{clear}
 +
 +===== Origin =====
 +Mediterranean ​ region. According to Dr.J. Holmboe book in Cyprus are found growing at shady places, common especially in the valleys of Troodos mountains (( :​ref:​Iacovides01 )). 
 +{clear}
 +**Observations.**
 +{clear}
 +* 1. **Linne** dit de cette jolie //​Campanule//,​ quelle a leve entre des graines du //Cap de bonne Esperance//​. Mais il est peu probable qu'une plante que l'on rencontre dans les contrees montueuses et sous-alpines du //​Portugal//,​ se retrouve au //Cap//, et nous supposons que c'est par quelqu'​accident que **Linne** se sera trompe sur l'​origine de cette Espece.
 +{clear}
 +* 2. Planta in hortis nomine //Campanula peregrinae//​ culta, minor plerumque nostra, omnibus partibus contracta, praesertim calyce, corolla, foliisque; nec tamen vere differre videtur.(( :​ref:​debrotero02 ))
 +{clear}
campanula/peregrina.txt · Laatst gewijzigd: 2013/09/19 23:04 (Externe bewerking)