Gebruikershulpmiddelen

Site-hulpmiddelen


campanula:portenschlagiana

Portenschlagiana

Campanula Portenschlagiana

Campanula Portenschlagiana Tendenza Rosa Danica - Photographer: Herman Berteler.
Campanula Portenschlagiana Tendenza Rosa Danica - Photographer: Herman Berteler.

portenschlagiana: Orig 011944-0117=75 Locn 1A EU, rec: plnt: 1ab: 1, ayr: 751)

Twitter

For regular additions, follow via Twitter @Klokjesbloem {https://twitter.com}

Nomenclatuur

Synonym: Campanula Pontenschlagiana var. pubescens DC. f. p. p. (1839) 2)

Ovu su vrstu opisali pod imenom Campanula Portenschlagiana 1819 Roemer i Schultes u djelu: Systema veg. V:93, i to na temelju materijala koji je saobrao Portenschlag te im ga poslao bez oznake imena. Medutim, istu biljku nalazimo u Portenslagovu herbaru (koji je kasnije najvecim dijelom ulozen u herbarske zbirke W) oznacenu ponekad imenom Campanula muralis, a ponekad Campanula hederaefolia: prvo je ime preuzeo i kasnije objavio i Reichenbach (1832).
Visiani (1847, II.: 133) navodi pod imenom Campanula Portenschlagiana R. et S. i oba navedena imena iz Portenslagova herbara, medutim stavlja sinonim Campanula muralis Rchb. pogresno uz vrstu Campanula garganica Ten. Visiani-jevi navodi za vrstu Campanula garganica (kao i ono sto pod tim imenom objavljuju Schlosser i Vukotinovic 1869:951) ne odnose se, dakle, na vrstu Campanula portenschlagiana, ali ni na tip vrste Campanula garganica, koji je endemican u podrucju M. Gargano (Italija), vec dijelom na svojtu Campanula istriaca Feer, a dijelom na Campanula fenestrellata Feer (odnosno njen verijetet lepida). Osim toga pod vrstu Campanula portenschlagiana treba staviti i Visiani-jevu Campanula Morettiana (non Rchb.!), koju je on uvrstio na temelju nedovoljnog herbarskog materijala, sto ga je sabrao Portenschlag na Biokovu (usporedi i Hayek 1931:534).
Napokon je nejasno, zbog cega su Schlosser i Vukotinovic (1869:951) objavili Visiani-jeve podatke o Campanula portenschlagiana pod imenom Campanula hederaefolia Portenschl., koje ni tada nije bilo valjano. Prema iznesenome imali bismo, dakle ovaj pregled kritickih svojti (taksona): * A. Vjencic lijevkasto-zvonolok sa zarezima kracim od polovine njegove duzine: Campanula portenschlagiana R. et S. (s naprijed navedenom sinonimikom); juzna Dalmacija3)

R. S. = Roem. & Schult. = Roemer et Schultes (1819)

Synonym Campanula muralishort. Portenschl. and Campanula bavaria 4).
Synonym Campanula muralis Portenschl. in Rchb. Fl. Germ. 1832; Campanula Morettiana Vis., non Rchb. 1847; Campanula hederaefolia Portenschl. in Schloss. et Vuk. Fl. Croat. 1869)5)

Campanula cochleariifolia x Campanula Portenschlagiana is Campanula x Hallii Hort.

Intermediate between the parents 6).

Campanula Portenschlagiana - Foto Herman Berteler
Campanula Portenschlagiana - Foto Herman Berteler

Tendenza Campanula blueOne™ is a trade name for Campanula portenschlagiana in 10,5 cm pots. We do also have the name Tendenza Campanula blueTwo™ which is for 6 cm pots. In plants sold under these names you can find the same varieties in different pot sizes or the several varieties in the same pot size. All varieties are protected by PBR under breeding numbers and references. This to be able to make a Brand of quality plants. Ref.: Rosa-Danica, DK-5290 Marslev Denmark.

Image Rosa Danica

Campanula portenschlagiana Roem. et Schult. = Campanula muralis 7)

Names

E.: Dalmatian Bellflower

Habitus

Perennial, somewhat evergreen, similar to Campanula Elatines, but with corolla more funnelform, not lobed beyond the middle, and up to ¾ in. long.

Kleine, meist rasenbildende Arten mit traubigen, meist wenigblutigen Blutenstanden. 8)

Campanula portenschlagiana - Hortikultura 1, 1967, p. 8, Dr. Fran Kusan - Nasi samonikli zvoncici
Campanula Portenschlagiana frosted - Photographer: Bellflower Nursery

USDA Zone: 3-9. Plant number: 1.110.890. Plants form a spreading patch of small green leaves, bearing loads of open violet-blue bells beginning in early summer and blooming for weeks on end. Because this is vigorous, keep it away from delicate alpine plants that could be accidentally smothered. Height; 20-30 cm, 8-12 inches. Spread; 60-90 cm, 23-35 inches. 9)

Cushion perennial to 15 cm tall. It grows up to 30 cm in width. Growth cushion. The leaves are rounded, hederacea, evergreen. The flowers are almost completely disclosed zvezchatye bright purple or reddish-purple, 3-5 at the end of creeping shoots. Bloom in the first half of June and blooms for a month. Fruiting. 10)

Campanula portenschlagiana - Flower.onego.ru - Photo: Irene Mersiyanova

Leaves

Foliage Color; Deep Green.

Der transadriatische Kompleks der Arten der Serie Garganicae (Campanula garganica, Campanula istriaca, Campanula fenestrellata, Campanula portenschlagiana, Campanula poscherskyana, Campanula debarensis) ist sehr variabil. In dieser Arbeit wurden die behaarung der Blatter und die Grossen der Pollen untersucht.
Die mittleres Teil dieses Komplexes (Campanula garganica - Campanula portenschlagiana) ist sehr variabil, wie in Anbetracht der Behaarung, sowie in Anbetracht der Pollengrosse. In der Richtung gegen Norden sind die Kollen (Pollen?) immer grosser bei den behaarten Formen (Campanula istriaca) und immer kleiner bei den kahlen Formen (Campanula fenestrellata). In der Richtung gegen Suden sind die Pollen immer grosser und die Behaarung ausdrulicher (Campanula poscharskyana - Campanula debarensis). Die litoralen Formen sind immer behaart, die montane und subalpine Formen sind kahl.11)
The leaves are rounded, hederacea, evergreen. 12)

Flowers

Flower Colour; Mauve/Lilac. Blooming Time; Early Summer, Mid Summer, Late Summer. Flower Head Size; Small.13)

Flower measuring,between 15 - 25mm (5/8 to 1 inch.)14)

Campanula portenschlagiana - Foto Herman Berteler garden in Dordogne France Aug.2012
Campanula portenschlagiana - Foto Herman Berteler garden in Dordogne France Aug.2012

In dieser Arbeit analisierten wir einige morphologische Karakteristken (Blattbehaarung und Pollengrosse) mit Betracht auf die geographische Verbreitung einselnen Formen. Auf Grund dieser Untersuchubgen kann man folgendes feststellen:
* 1) Am variabilsten ist der Mittlere Teil - der transadriatischen Areals der Serie (Campanula garganica - Campanula portenschlagiana). Da sind in der Population die kahlen und auch die behaarten Formen vertreten, sowie Pollen verschiedener Grossen in den Grenzen 30-40Mm. 15)
The flowers are almost completely disclosed zvezchatye bright purple or reddish-purple, 3-5 at the end of creeping shoots. Bloom in the first half of June and blooms for a month. 16)

Chromosomes

Zytotaxonomisch wurden unsere endemischen Campanula-Azten untersucht deren Fundort Felsenspalten sind (Campanula tommasiniana, Campanula istriaca, Campanula fenestrellata, Campanula waldsteiniana, Campanula portenschlagiana). Fur alle zitierte Arten wurde die Zahl der Chromosomen 2n = 34 festgesetzt 17)

Number of diploid chromosomes (2n=34).

Slika 4. - Campanula portenschlagiana. Mitoza (Feulgen). 2n = 51. Crtez. - Zeljka Lovasen-Eberhardt 1971

U vrste Campanula portenschlagiana primijecena je velika varijabilnost broja kromosoma. Jedna biljka imala je 2n = 17, dvije su imale 2n = 34 i dviae s 2n = 51 kromosoma (slika 4).
Somatski kromosomi svih istrazivanih vrsta su mali, te je analiza kariograma otezana. Kromosomi su s medijano ili submedijano smjestenom centromerom. Kod vrste Campanula istrica utvrden je jedan par satelitnih kromesoma, a kod vrste Campanula portenschlagiana dva para.
Zakljucak: Citotaksonomski su istrazene neke endemicne vrste roda Campanula, te su nadene vrlo zanimljive varijacije broja kromosoma kod nekih vrsta. 4) Za vrstu Campanula portenschlagiana utvrden je broj kromosoma 2n = 17, 2n = 34, 2n = 51. Prema dobivenim rezultatima cini se da je za vrste Campanula tommasiniana i Campanula portenschlagiana osnovni broj kromosoma 2n = 16 + 1, dok su ostali kromosomski brojevi (34, 51) rezultat porasta ploidije18)

Fruit

Seed available, in small quantity. Species actually grown or used for breeding 19)
Kapsel nahe am Grunde aufspringend (Hangende Kapseln springen meist nahe am Grunde, aufrechte nahe den Kelchb. auf. Man kann daher im Allgemeinen die Art des Aufspringens aus der Stellung der verbluhten Bl. erschliessen, besonders wenn diese gestielt sind.) Sect. I Medium Tourn. (als Gatt.). B. Triloculares. Kapsel 3facherig (seltener bei ein- und derselben Art hier und da auch 5facherig) 20)
Bloom in the first half of June and blooms for a month. Fruiting. 21)

  • Campanula portenschlagiana Roem. & Schult. 423-83. De: The Royal Horticultural Society, Wisley, England. 18-2-83. Descr.: Sem.22)

Varieties

* Campanula portenschlagiana f. alba Domac, nova f. - Corolla alba. Typus: Pukotine stijena kod mjesta “Lokve”(podrucje Razdol - Sv. Jure), 1400m nad m., vapnenacka podloga. Biokovo, 5. VII. 1958., R. Domac: ZA.23)

* Campanula portenschlagiana var. bavarica

* Campanula portenschlagiana var. birch

* Campanula portenschlagiana var. birch provis

* Campanula portenschlagiana var. glaberrima

* Campanula portenschlagiana var. major

* Campanula portenschlagiana var. muralis

* Campanula portenschlagiana var. pubescens DC. f. p. p. (1839)?? = Campanula Elatines ssp. Istriaca (Feer, 1890) - Peduncoli 1-3-flori. Calice a lobi assai piu brevi della corolla. - Piante glabre o pubescenti. Peduncoli ad 1 (rr. 2) fi. Piante ca. pelose. Fg. grandi come nel tipo, profondam. ed acutam. dentate, tutte ovali. Corolla lunga 10-12 e larga circa 20mm. - Istria mer. pr. Fianona e sul M. Sissol. is. Lussin. (Is. del Quarnero). - Campanula garganica Vis. p. p. (1874), Rchb. f. (1860), non Ten. - Campanula Pontenschlagiana var. pubescens DC. f. p. p. (1839) 24)

* Campanula portenschlagiana var. velutina

Cultivars

  • Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Addenda' 'Blue Planet' - Synonym: Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Lotte' - Synonym: Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Porto' (Ten Have Plant), Synonym:Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Aurora', Synonym: Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Get Mee' (Fairy Tail Flowers / PKM), Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Taken Mee' 25)

Campanula Addenda Blue Planet - Photographer: de Kamerplantenspecialist.
Campanula Blue Planet - Photographer: de Kamerplantenspecialist.

Campanula addenda 'Blue Planet' - Photographer: GreenSales.
Campanula addenda 'Blue Planet' - Photographer: GreenSales.

Potplant, for the garden - Breeders in The Netherlands: Kwekerij Marcel Vijverberg, Kwekerij Montis Moerkapelle, Kwekerij Eigenzorg, Kwekerij Hartink, Kwekerij Chris Endhoven, R.C. Kuivenhoven, Kwekerij A.J.M. Nederpel, Kwekerij OK Plant CV, Quinterra, Kwekerij Piet van den Berg and Van der Does VOF.

Addenda®. Implemented until 2013.
Addenda®. Implemented from 2013.

Addenda ® comes from the Latin word 'Addendum' meaning. 'Something extra' This brand was introduced in 2003 by International Young Plants from Belgium. This company sold high quality cuttings of Campanula and Hebe. Addenda ® began as a quality brand has become a trademark. The cooperating Addenda ® growers and Youngplants International have Growers Addenda ® founded in January 2007. 1 January 2010 took these growers the trading brand Addenda ® over from cutting supplier Young Plants International. In this way they want to join forces, increasing the involvement and Addenda ® further introduce and make available in Europe. In 2013, Addenda introduced production lines. Where they used the 'Blue Planet', the 'Blue Star' etc. argued, they now have the 'Ambella'- color and 'Adansa'- color. They also introduced a new logo.

  • Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. Ambella® 'Blue'.'

Ambella® 'Blue' - Photographer: Addenda®.

Ref.: Growers association Addenda®, P.O. Box 666, 2675 ZX Honselersdijk, The Netherlands.

  • Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. Ambella® 'Lavender'.'

Ambella® 'Lavender' - Photographer: Addenda®.
Ambella® 'Lavender' - Photographer: Addenda®.

Ref.: Growers association Addenda®, P.O. Box 666, 2675 ZX Honselersdijk, The Netherlands.

  • Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. Ambella Purple 107417 - synonym: Campanula addenda ambella purple (2000AMBP)
Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. Ambella Purple - Photographer: Addenda

  • Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Aurora' - Synonym: Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Porto' (Ten Have Plant).26)

* Campanula Portenschlagiana cv 'Birch Hybrid'

Campanula Portenschlagiana cv 'Birch Hybrid' - Foto Grethe Clausen
Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Birch Hybrid' - Photographer: Majella Larochelle.

Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Birch Hybrid' - Nursery The Border, Castle Twickel at Delden, Netherlands. Photo: Herman Berteler

Known grade Birch Hybrid - a plant height of 15 cm, the color is more intense, the flowers are larger.27)
Breeder: Ingwersen 1951.
Already the next year after transpalnting, the cushions measured 13-25cm in hight and 35-40cm broad. They were slightly arched, a little flattering out, and irregular. The basal-leaves and the stem-leaves are of equal shape, cordate to roundish and 2cm in diameter. The colour is green, slightly hairy and with winged petioles.

The flowering starts from the beginning of June to the 7th-10th of July. Inflorescences, f.inst. 5 main branch each with 3-4 flowers. The upright bellshaped flower is 2cm long and 1,7cm wide. Colour: RHS 87 A, a fine pure violet and whitish-blue on the inside.

Because of the lightness of the flowers they are very sensitive in rainy and windy weather, but new fresh flowers will soon cover the cushion again. Even if the old flowers has not been removed a slightly remounting will take place in October. A variety for rockgarden, walls and plain ground. Must be planted on a sunny place 28).

  • Campanula Portenschagiana cv. 'Dark Take'

Campanula Portenschagiana Dark Take - Phot: De Kamerplantenspecialist.
Campanula Portenschagiana Dark Take - Phot: De Kamerplantenspecialist.

Breeder: Verhelle Verno BVBA Belgie, gardenplant.

  • Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Dark Take Mee'

A undoubtedly one of the hardest winter species Campanula (zone 3-8), few purple colored, flowering from June to September, retains its color in any light, beautiful ground cover.

  • Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Get Mee' (Fairy Tail Flowers / PKM)- Synonym: Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Porto' (Ten Have Plant).29)

  • Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Lotte' - Synonym: Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Porto' (Ten Have Plant).30)

  • Campanula portenschlagiana cv. ‘Miss Melanie’
Campanula portenschlagiana ‘Miss Melanie’ - Photographer: Perennials.com.

USDA Zone: 5-9. Plant number: 1.111.300. Bellflowers are among the most popular of perennials. This showy, dwarf species is often grown in rock gardens, used as an edging, or in tubs and pots. Plants form a spreading patch of small green leaves, bearing loads of open violet-blue bells beginning in early summer and blooming for weeks on end. Because this is vigorous, keep it away from delicate alpine plants that could be accidentally smothered. Also may be used as a groundcover for a smaller area, especially nice under shrub roses. Plants may be clipped hard after blooming, to keep a tidy, compact appearance. Sun Exposure; Full Sun or Partial Shade. Soil Type; Normal or Sandy or Clay. Soil pH; Neutral or Alkaline or Acid. Soil Moisture; Average or Moist. Care Level; Easy. Flower Colour; Deep Blue. Blooming Time; Early Summer, Mid Summer, Late Summer. Foliage Color; Deep Green. Accent: Good Texture/Form, Alpine & Rock, Containers, Edging, Rabbit Resistant. Ground Cover, Massed. Flower Head Size; Small. Height; 15-20 cm, 6-8 inches. Spread; 30-45 cm, 12-18 inches. Foot Traffic; Light. Growth Rate; Fast.31)

  • Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Porto'

Campanula Portenschlagiana 'Porto' - Photographer: Ten Have Plant.

In the trade there is some confusion about the name, Campanula Portenschlagiana. Because it is difficult to pronounce, the name has many different synonyms, not always legally protected. The main synonyms for the Campanula Portenschlagiana are:

  • Campanula 'Porto' (Campanula.com/Ten Have Plant)
  • Campanula 'Addenda Blue Planet' (Addenda)
  • Campanula 'Get Mee' (Fairy Tail Flowers/PKM)
  • Other names: 'Lotte', 'Aurora', 'Take Mee'

Is among the most cultivated Campanulas in Europe. The Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Porto' is known for its cup-shaped flower on a shoot. It is a small-flowering variety that has wide consumer appeal. The plant is eminently suited for outdoors and can be planted in the garden after the vase life of the pot plant. Number: VBN 27158. Height: 15– 25 cm in 11 cm pot.32)

  • Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. ‘Resholdt’s Variety’ also known as Campanula Portenschlagiana cv 'Resholt Variety'

Campanula Portenschlagiana cv 'Resholt Variety' - Foto Herman Berteler
Campanula Portenschlagiana 'Resholdt’s Variety' - Photographer: Perennials.com.

Species actually grown or used for breeding 33)
USDA Zone: 3-9. Plant number: 1.110.400. Bellflowers are among the most popular of perennials. This showy, dwarf species is often grown in rock gardens, used as an edging, or in tubs and pots. Plants form a spreading patch of small green leaves, bearing loads of open lavender-blue bells beginning in early summer and blooming for weeks on end. Because this is vigorous, keep it away from delicate alpine plants that could be accidentally smothered. Also may be used as a groundcover for a smaller area, especially nice under shrub roses. Plants may be clipped hard after blooming, to keep a tidy, compact appearance. Sun Exposure; Full Sun or Partial Shade. Soil Type; Normal or Sandy or Clay. Soil pH; Neutral or Alkaline or Acid. Soil Moisture; Average or Moist. Care Level; Easy. Flower Colour; Mauve/Lilac. Blooming Time; Early Summer, Mid Summer, Late Summer. Foliage Color; Deep Green. Accent: Good Texture/Form, Alpine & Rock, Border, Containers, Cut Flower, Edging, Rabbit Resistant, Ground Cover Massed. Flower Head Size; Small. Height; 20-30 cm; 8-12 inches. Spread; 60-90 cm, 23-35 inches. Foot Traffic; Light. Growth Rate; Medium.34)

  • Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Taken Mee' - Synonym: Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. 'Porto' (Ten Have Plant)35)

  • Campanula Portenschlagiana cv. Ambella® 'White'.'

Ambella® 'White' - Photographer: Addenda®.
Ambella® 'White' - Photographer: Addenda®.

Ref.: Growers association Addenda®, P.O. Box 666, 2675 ZX Honselersdijk, The Netherlands.

Beneficial

This showy, dwarf species is often grown in rock gardens, used as an edging, or in tubs and pots. Also may be used as a groundcover for a smaller area, especially nice under shrub roses. Plants may be clipped hard after blooming, to keep a tidy, compact appearance. Sun Exposure; Full Sun or Partial Shade. Soil Type; Normal or Sandy or Clay. Soil pH; Neutral or Alkaline or Acid. Soil Moisture; Average or Moist. Care Level; Easy. Plant Uses & Characteristics; Accent: Good Texture/Form, Alpine & Rock, Border, Containers, Cut Flower, Edging, Rabbit Resistant, Ground Cover; Massed. Foot Traffic; Light. Growth Rate; Fast.36)

It grows well in the sun and in a shady location. The soil should be non-acidic, moderately dry, nutrient, sandy loam is best. Clay soils can not stand! It quickly grows, blooms profusely, creates colorful accents on the alpine hill. Partners - different kinds of lilies, geranium Dalmatian, ovsyannitsa. Propagated (best in spring) pieces of rhizomes with roots that were grown in a greenhouse. Winter hardiness is relative. Stagnant water can not stand, you need good drainage. 37)

Most populer Campanula plants as a commercial production in Japan is Campanula portenschlagiana (we say bell flower in only this species). Japanese pot plants growers are produced bell flower to small pot plant and it becoming more important kind because they can produced under low temperature condition of greenhouse. Main shipping season of this plant is April to May and we can show you the position of this plant in pot plant bussiness in Japan. The best 20th kind of shipped pot plant in some wholesale garden market in Tolyo (1982). Bell flower turned 4th in April with 19.912 number of shipped pot and 16th in May with 6.560 pot. In Japan flower market system is difference to your country (The Netherlands). We have over sixty wholesale cut flower market and ten wholesale garden marker (pot and bedding plant only) in Tokyo area and this data is Ogikubo wholesale garden market, they are operated by pot plant growers cooperation. 38).

Le Campanula muralis Vis. (Campanula Portenschlagiana Roem. et Schult.), de la Dalmatie, est une élégante espéce vivace, intéressantte et jolie, voisine de la Campanule du mont Gargano, fleurissant á peu prés á la méme époque et pouvant étre cultivée et employee de la méme facon. (Campanula carpatica)39).

Origin

North Yugoslavia, Dalmatien, Kroatien?

Jugoslavije40)
Die Serie der Gattung Campanula umfasst insgesammt 8 Arten, von dennen 6 Arten (Campanula istriaca, Campanula fenestrellata, Campanula garganica, Campanula portenschlagiana, Campanula poscharskyana, Campanula debarensis) die den adriatischen Teil der Apeninischen und Balkanhalbinsel begrenzt, und 2 Arten (Campanula cephallonica, Campanula acarnica) begrenzen den ionischen Teil der Balkanhalbinsel, mithin erweisen sie die spatterziare Distribution ihrer Urformen41)

Slika 1. - Nalazista endemicnih Campanula - Campanula portenschlagiana - Zeljka Lovasen-Eberhardt 1971
Sl. 1. - Areali vrsta serije Garganicae. - 3) Campanula portenschlagiana - Zeljka Lovasen-Eberhardt i I. Trinajstic, Biosistematika, Vol. 4, No0. 2, p.275, 1978

Campanula portenschlagiana - Acta Botanica Croatica XVIII/XIX - 1959/1960, Radovan Domac, p.9

Areal. Prije navedeno nesredeno stanje u pogledu nomenklature, a djelomicno i relativna morfoloska slicnost (narocito u sterilnome stanju!) izmedu vrsta Campanula portenschlagiana, Campanula fenestrellata i Campanula istriaca, dovela je i do brojnih pogresnih determinacija i literaturnih navoda. Tako sam prilikom revizije herbarskih zbirki u Becu i Zagrebu mogao utvrditi ovo:

WU = Wien, Austrija: Botanisches Instiut u. Bot. Garten d. Universitat Wien - Campanula Portenschlagiana, “Arbe, 16. IV. 1900, Ginzberger”. Iako je biljka sabrana bez cvjetova, moze se po rezanosti lisnog ruba utvrditi, da se ovdje radi o vrsti Campanula istriaca.

Najvecu zabunu prouzrocila je, medutim, biljeska Witasek-ove na jednom eksikatu prave Campanula portenschlagiana s Biokova: “Der Name Campanula muralis Portenschlag wurde durch Reichenbach veroffentlicht. Als Standort fur die so bezeichnete Pflanze wird Obrovazzo, als Sammler Welden genannt. Ein solches an diesen Standorte von Welden gesammeltes Exemplar liegt im Herbar der zool. bot. Gesellschaft in Wien; es … ist gewiss eine Campanula Portenschlagiana R. et Sch.”
Prilikom revizije beckog herbarskog materijala mogao sam utvrditi, da su zbirke zoolosko-botanickog drustva najvecim dijelom ulozene u herbar prirodoslovnog muzeja, dok je manji dio za vrijeme rata izgorio. Nazalost je kriticni eksikat Weldena iz Obrovca sigurno bio medu materijalom koji je izgorio, jer se vise ne moze pronaci. Ne ulazeci u to, da li je biljka bila ispravno determinirana, smatram, da se, ako je to bila doista Campanula portenschlagiana, moralo raditi o zamjeni nalazista. Vec je ranije spomenuto, da je Welden sabirao od Karlobaga pa sve do Omisa, dakle na stanistima vrsta Campanula portenschlagiana i Campanula fenestrellata, pa je zamjena vrlo lako moguca. U citavom, naime, podrucju Hrv. Primorja pa sve do Zrmanje (a i dalje!) nije nigdje poznata Campanula portenschlagiana (usporedi Degen 1938:98, Rossi 1930:300, Visiani 1847,II:133!), pa je prema tome iskljuceno, da je Welden mogao sabrati tu vrstu kod Obrovca.
Spomenuti navod Witasek-ove, nomenklaturne nejasnoce i brojni pogresno determinirani primjerci beckih herbarskih zbirki naveli su Hayek-a (1931:534), da rasprostranjenje vrste Campanula portenschlagiana oznaci sa: “Cro.Da.BH.”. Ovo treba medutim korigirati u: “Da.BH.Mt.”.
Iz navedenog slijedi, da su nalazista, na kojima je sa sigurnoscu zabiljezena Campanula portenschlagiana ogranicena na ova pordrucja: * Dolina Cetine (Omis - Zadvarje): Visiani 1847,II:133, Beck 1901:400, Hirc 1908:793 i ZA, brojni primjerci W, WU i SA. * Otok Brac (Vidova Gora): Beck 1901:431, Lj. Bevilacqua ZA. * Biokovo (“locus classicus” iznad Makarske i drugdje): Visiani (l.c.), Alschinger 1859, Sardagna 1861, Hirc (l.c.), Horvat 1941:166, Kusan 1956:107, Domac 1957 i ZA, Pichler ZA i SA, Losnik ZA, brojni primjerci W, WU i SA. * Hercegovina (okolina Ljubuskog): Fiala W i SA. * Peljesac (Zmijino brdo): Beck 1901:114 i 431, Rechinger 1934:34. * Okolina Dubrovnika (Predvorje): Zabornegg W. * Kotor: Pichler Wi Stolba W. (Nalazista su poredana u smjeru NW-SO). Posve je razumljivo, da je dosada bila cesto pogresna i predodzba o arealu vrste Campanula portenschlagiana. Na prilozenoj je karti, medutim, jasno vidljivo, na koje je podrucje ogranicen areal navedene vrste. Na kraju dodajem, da sam 1958. sabrao na Biokovu bijelo cvatucu biljku. Kako dosada u floristickoj literaturi nisu opisani albini ove verste, smatram da se moze oznaciti kao nova forma, i to:
Campanula portenschlagiana f. alba Domac, nova f. - Corolla alba. Typus: Pukotine stijena kod mjesta “Lokve”(podrucje Razdol - Sv. Jure), 1400m nad m., vapnenacka podloga. Biokovo, 5. VII. 1958., R. Domac: ZA.42)
Wildly growing in the Balkans.43)

Breeding

Naast Campanula carpatica en Campanula poscharskyana worden ook nog Campanula portenschlagiana en Campanula speculum (Legousia speculum-veneris) geteeld. Deze laatste wordt vanaf half januari gezaaid 44).

1)
:ref:UBCBotanicalGarden01
2) , 24)
:ref:adrianofiori01
3) , 5) , 23) , 42)
:ref:radovandomac01
4) , 28)
:ref:GretheClausen01
6)
:ref:LHBailey01
7) , 10) , 12) , 16) , 21) , 27) , 37) , 43)
:ref:flower.onego.ru01
8) , 20)
:ref:aengler01
9) , 13) , 31) , 34) , 36)
:ref:perennials01
11) , 15) , 41)
:ref:zeljkalovaseneberhardt02
14)
:ref:alpinaresearch02
17) , 18)
:ref:zeljkalovaseneberhardt01
19) , 33)
:ref:alpinaresearch03
22)
:ref:MontrealJardinbotanique01
25) , 26) , 29) , 30) , 32) , 35)
:ref:TenHavePlant01
38)
:ref:TokyoAgricult.Exp.Station01
39)
:ref:deVilmorin01
40)
:ref:frankusan01
44)
:ref:Bloemisterij01
campanula/portenschlagiana.txt · Laatst gewijzigd: 2018/04/26 10:44 (Externe bewerking)