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campanula:morettiana

Morettiana

Campanula Morettiana

Reichb. Fig.8.1)

Campanula morettiana - S.A.J.A. Année 1975 Tome VI, nr. 96, p.398 - drawing M.M. aug.1972 P.M.
Campanula morettiana - Dolomites -Photo: Jim Jermyn

Nomenclatuur

Ovu su vrstu opisali pod imenom Campanula Portenschlagiana 1819 Roemer i Schultes u djelu: Systema veg. V:93, i to na temelju materijala koji je saobrao Portenschlag te im ga poslao bez oznake imena. Medutim, istu biljku nalazimo u Portenslagovu herbaru (koji je kasnije najvecim dijelom ulozen u herbarske zbirke W) oznacenu ponekad imenom Campanula muralis, a ponekad Campanula hederaefolia: prvo je ime preuzeo i kasnije objavio i Reichenbach (1832).

Visiani (1847, II.: 133) navodi pod imenom Campanula Portenschlagiana R. et S. i oba navedena imena iz Portenslagova herbara, medutim stavlja sinonim Campanula muralis Rchb. pogresno uz vrstu Campanula garganica Ten. Visiani-jevi navodi za vrstu Campanula garganica (kao i ono sto pod tim imenom objavljuju Schlosser i Vukotinovic 1869:951) ne odnose se, dakle, na vrstu Campanula portenschlagiana, ali ni na tip vrste Campanula garganica, koji je endemican u podrucju M. Gargano (Italija), vec dijelom na svojtu Campanula istriaca Feer, a dijelom na Campanula fenestrellata Feer (odnosno njen verijetet lepida). Osim toga pod vrstu Campanula portenschlagiana treba staviti i Visiani-jevu Campanula Morettiana (non Rchb.!), koju je on uvrstio na temelju nedovoljnog herbarskog materijala, sto ga je sabrao Portenschlag na Biokovu (usporedi i Hayek 1931:534)2)

Rchb. (1826)3)

Section VI: Elatines Wohlf. (1895)4)

Synonym: Campanula pulla Parol. (1822), synonym: Campanula filiformis Moretti (1826), non Ruiz. et Pav.5)

Plants offered under this name are likely to be Campanula rotundifolia 6).

Campanula Joe Elliot (Hybride aus Campanula morettiana und Campanula raineri ?; siehe AGS-Bulleting 1981)7)
Campanula Morettiana Vis, non Rchb. 1847, synonym Campanula portenschlagiana R. S. 1819; synonym Campanula muralis Portenschl. in Rchb. Fl. Germ. 1832; Campanula hederaefolia Portenschl. in Schloss. et Vuk. Fl. Croat. 1869)8)

Habitus

Somewhat mat-forming, grayish-pubescent perennial.

Kleine, meist rasenbildende Arten mit traubigen, meist wenigblutigen Blutenstanden. Stark behaart.9)
Perenni. Pianta mollem. pelosa, cespugliosa, a rz. esile, strisciante fra le roccie, portante rosette di fg. sterili e fusti fioriferi prostrato-ascendenti (8-15cm.). 10)

Campanula Wannarii. Steli alti circa cm. 30. Nonche moltissima altre entita quali Campanula muralis Vill., delle Alpi orientali, Campanula excisa, Schleich., delle Alpi centrali, Campanula thyrsoides L., delle Alpi centrali ed orientali, Campanula Zoysii Wulf., delle rupi calcaree delle Alpi orientali, Campanula Tommasiniana Port., delle Alpi estremo-orientali ed Istria, Campanula Morettiana, Rchb., delle Alpi centrali, Campanula rhomboidalis L., ecc., tutte a fioritura estiva (giugno-settembre). 11)

Leaves

Leaves cordate-orbicular, about ½ in. long, mostly few-toothed, flower stems erect, 2-3 in., each usually bearing a simple, erect flower.

Fg. cauline largam. cuoriformi-ovali, spatolate od oblunghe. Radicale cuoriformi-ovali, lungam. picciolate. Fg. crenate, le cauline ovali. 12)

Flowers

AlpenPix - Campanula morettiana - Photographer: Graham Nicholls - Note: A particularly fine form of this beautiful campanula.

Flower measuring, between 25 - 40mm (1 - 1 1/2 inch.)13)

Usually simple, erect, calyx without appendages, corolla violet-blue, to 1 in. long, campanulate.
Lugl.-Ag. Corolla tubuloso-campanulata, lunga piu del doppio delle lacinie calicine. Fi. solitari terminali. Calice a lobi lanceolati, interi. Corolla azzurra (rr. bianca), a lobi ovali, un po'cigliati. 14)

Fruit

Kapsel nahe am Grunde aufspringend (Hangende Kapseln springen meist nahe am Grunde, aufrechte nahe den Kelchb. auf. Man kann daher im Allgemeinen die Art des Aufspringens aus der Stellung der verbluhten Bl. erschliessen, besonders wenn diese gestielt sind.) Sect. I Medium Tourn. (als Gatt.). B. Triloculares. Kapsel 3facherig (seltener bei ein- und derselben Art hier und da auch 5facherig) 15)

Varieties

* Campanula morettiana var. acutangula

* Campanula morettiana var. alba

AlpenPix - Campanula morettiana alba - Photographer: Graham Nicholls.

Breeding

  • C. To increase the ease of culture of now hard-to-grow valuable species, and adapt them to our gardens: as with Campanula raineri, Campanula zoysii, Campanula morettiena, Campanula piperi, etc. 16)

* Campanula cv. 'Maie Blyth' - Locality: New Zealand - Timaru - Photographer: Graham Nicholls - Note: I know it's strange to have a New Zealand campanula but this one came from a packet of seed in the AGS seed distribution as Campanula morettiana. None of the germinated but this one appeared instead. It was raised by Maie Blyth of Timaru and a few plants were released in 1979. It is propagated by cuttings in the spring and listed commercially in 1981 by Lesley Cox of Highfield Alpines near Tamaru.

Use

Incontestablement, elle est une des plus jolies espéces du genre. Sa culture est trés difficile dans la rocaille, voire impossible. En pot, vous avez de grandes chances de la réussir. Dans un mélange de terre franche argileuse + sable calcaire + débris rocheux, á la mi-ombre (attention aux limaces).17)

Origin

Medeterranean sea, north Italy, Tyrol, Ostalpen, Dalmatien.

Fessure delle rupi dolomitiche stillicidiose, rara; Alpi bellun. (Vette di Feltre, M. Pelmo, Pramper, Bosco nero ecc.), vicent. sui M. Toraro e Campomolon, trent. bel bacino di Primiero, V. di Fiemme e V. Fassa, alto-atesine sullo Schlern e bergam. a Selvino; 6-7. (Dalm.?).18)

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campanula/morettiana.txt · Laatst gewijzigd: 2015/09/08 21:42 (Externe bewerking)