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campanula:linifolia

linifolia

Also: linifoliae and linifoliam Decand.

Campanula linifolia

Scop.

Also: linifoliae Decand.

Nomenclatuur

1.798 c. Campanula linifolia Scop. Campanula a feuilles de Lin (pl. 382: 1.798 c., tige feuillee).1)

Classe II. Epanthees. 21. Campanulaceae. II. Campanula. Campanula linifoliae Decand.2)
(Lam.) DC. 3) = Campanula rotundifolia ssp. Scheuchzeri (Vill., 1779) - Fg. cauline tutte sessili (soltanto attenuate alla base). Corolla grande o mediocre, lunga 13-25mm., largam. campanulata. Fg. cauline lanceolate o lanceolato-lineari, larghe 3-4 (rr. sino 6) mm., le radicali spesso persistenti. - Calice a lacinie normal. erette, larghette, lunghe 1/2-1 volta la corolla. - Alpi, A. Apuane, App. tosco-em., centr., lucano e cal. e Sic. alle Madonie (Eur. Reg. art.) - Campanula linifolia Lam. (1783), non Scop. - Campanula valdensis All. (1785) = Campanula linifolia M. et K (1826) = Campanula Scheuchzeri var. hirta Koch (1837) = Campanula recta Dulac (1867)(f. pilosa-hirta) - Campanula uniflora Vill. (1787), non L. - Campanula glareosa Huet exs. 1856 ex. L. Vacc. (1911)(f. stolonifera)4)

M. et K. (1826) Section VII: Trachelium Neilr. (1859)5) = Campanula rotundifolia ssp. Scheuchzeri (Vill., 1779) - Fg. cauline tutte sessili (soltanto attenuate alla base). Corolla grande o mediocre, lunga 13-25mm., largam. campanulata. Fg. cauline lanceolate o lanceolato-lineari, larghe 3-4 (rr. sino 6) mm., le radicali spesso persistenti. - Calice a lacinie normal. erette, larghette, lunghe 1/2-1 volta la corolla. - Alpi, A. Apuane, App. tosco-em., centr., lucano e cal. e Sic. alle Madonie (Eur. Reg. art.) - Campanula linifolia Lam. (1783), non Scop. - Campanula valdensis All. (1785) = Campanula linifolia M. et K (1826) = Campanula Scheuchzeri var. hirta Koch (1837) = Campanula recta Dulac (1867)(f. pilosa-hirta) - Campanula uniflora Vill. (1787), non L. - Campanula glareosa Huet exs. 1856 ex. L. Vacc. (1911)(f. stolonifera)6)

Synonym Campanula Hostii Baumg., synonym Campanula pulla Baumg. Ex Steud, not L., synonym Campanula Scheuchzeri Vill, synoniem Campanula valdensis All.
Campanula Hostii synoniem Campanula linifolia but material offered as Campanula Hostii is usually Campanula rotundifolia 7).

Campanula linifolia - Foto and drawing Herman Berteler.

Habitus

Tiges dressées, assez droites, creuses en dedans;8)

Descriptio. Affinis Campanula linifoliae Decand. et Campanula rotundifoliae; at foliorum mediorum forma, pube et habitu differt. Radix simpliciuscula, longissima, tenuis. Caulis basi longe inter rupium fissuras serpens, dein adscendens, saepe pedalis, interdum biuncialis, imo uncialis. Folia inferiora in junioribus tantum conspicua, ovalia, obtusiuscula, obsolete crenata; inferiora et media petiolum habent 1/2 ad 2 unc. saepe longum, laminam ejusdem longitudinis, suntque obsolete repanda, denticulis paucis, minutissimis, ciliis paucis in basi petioli; summa brevia, linearia, pauca, bracteas quoque sistunt. Flores pedicellis 1/2 - unc. longis, patentibus. Calyx tubo 1 - 2 lin. longo, laciniis angustissimis 6 - 7 lin. longis. Corolla 7 -9 lin. longa. Pistllum corollam aequat. Stamina breviora. In pascuis Campanula Herminii ab ovibus depasta uniflora est, parva, foliis paucis. Haec est. Campanula angustifolia pumila monantha lusitania. Tournef. Inst. p. 122. aegre ab adfinibus distinguenda, hinc a Villarsio ad Campanula Scheuchzeri seu Campanula linifolia Decand. relata.9)
Loosely tufted perennial, stems erect or decumbent, with erect brs. to 10 in.
Kleine, meist rasenbildende Arten mit traubigen, meist wenigblutigen Blutenstanden. 10)
Campanula rotundifolia - E pianta perenne a rosette basali di foglie dalla forma ovale-tondeggiante, ondulata al margine, e con stoloni sotterranei molto estesi. I fusti, prostrato-ascendenti variano in altezza dai 10 ai 60cm. Questa specie e stata da molti autori suddivisa in diverse sottospecie. Secondo alti sistematici, si tratta invece di vere e proprie specie che noi indichiamo scegliendo quelle ritenute piu importanti Campanula linifolia ha piccole foglie basali reniformi, le superiori lineari, strettamente ovali, sessili e pelose al margine; i fusti alti da 10 a 35cm. portano da 1 a 6 fiori penduli, rotondo-campanulati, lunghi 3cm. circa, con sottili penduncoli e lobi del calice lunghe quanto la corolla; Campanula scheuchzeri alta sino a 40cm. ha fusto glabro e foglie inferiori lunghe e strette, le caulinari lineari e sessili; i fiori sono singoli, ampiamente campanulati con lobi ricurvi e corolla azzurro-purpureo o violetto lunga 2-3cm.11)

Leaves

feuilles moyennes ovales-allongées, 3 à 6 fois plus longues que larges, de 25 à 80 mm. de longueur sur 3 à 12 mm. de largeur; se rétrécissant à la base et au sommet, à nervures peu visibles, sans pétiole, entières ou peu dentées;12)

Lower leaves petioled, cordate-reniform, stem leaves abundant, sessile, linear to linear-lanceolate, to 2 in. long, entire or obscurerly toothed, often ciliate.

Flowers

Calice à divisions dressées, galant à peine la moitié de la longueur de la corolle, laquelle ne mesure environ que de 1 à 2 cm.13)

Flower measuring,between 15 - 25mm (5/8 to 1 inch.)14)

Flowers terminal, solitary or in few-flowered racemes, clayx without appendages, lobes often nearly as long as the corolla, corolla lilac to rose-violet, 5/8 in. long, funnelform.

Chromosome

While the intermediate morphological position of No. 81 between typical Campanula rotundifolia and typical Campanula scheuchzeri supports a hybrid origin three other facts contradict such an explanation. First the chromosome number of the supposed parent species is 68, secondly there is a high pollen fertility in No. 81 (no shriveled or empty grains, few per cent dwarf grains), and thirdly no seeds were obtained after crossings with a tetraploid Campanula rotundifolia (2n=68; “Campanula linifolia Scop.” From the Botanical Gardens in Greifswald).

The meiotic behavior is difficult to interpret. The occurrence of heteromorphic bivalents, rings and other configurations may as well be the result of hybridization as of translocations or both. At the present stage of knowledge the conclusion may be drawn that the plant from Termignon (No. 81) cannot be a primary hybrid between species with 2n=68. However, it may have envolved from such a hybrid by subsequent chromosome repatterning and increase in chromosome number. In many respects it behaves as a stabilized entity which perhaps deserves taxonomical recognition15).

Fruit

Seed available, in small quantity. Species actually grown or used for breeding 16)
Kapsel nahe am Grunde aufspringend (Hangende Kapseln springen meist nahe am Grunde, aufrechte nahe den Kelchb. auf. Man kann daher im Allgemeinen die Art des Aufspringens aus der Stellung der verbluhten Bl. erschliessen, besonders wenn diese gestielt sind.) Sect. I Medium Tourn. (als Gatt.). B. Triloculares. Kapsel 3facherig (seltener bei ein- und derselben Art hier und da auch 5facherig) 17)

Varieties

* Campanula linifolia var. albiflora

* Campanula linifolia ssp. f. ciliata Witasek. in L. Vacc. (1911), Alpi vicent. ed aostane - Campanula linifolia ssp. f. racemosa (D. Torre et S., 1912) - Campanula carnica var. racemosa Krasan (1887) = Campanula carnica var. pseudo-carnica (Gelmi (1893), Trento, Arco, V. di Non e Bolzanese ad Eppan e pr. Lana.18)

* Campanula linifolia var. f. hirta Beg. (1903) = Campanula rotundifolia ssp. Linifolia (Scop., 1769) Synonym: Campanula rotundifolia var. reflexa Hausm. (1859), synonym: Campanula carnica Schiede (1826) - Campanula carnica var. hirta Gelmi (1893)(f. pilosa) - Campanula vestina Porta ex Huter (1907)19)

* Campanula linifolia var. langsdorffiana

* Campanula linifolia ssp. f. racemosa (D. Torre et S., 1912)- Campanula linifolia ssp. f. ciliata Witasek. in L. Vacc. (1911), Alpi vicent. ed aostane - - Campanula carnica var. racemosa Krasan (1887) = Campanula carnica var. pseudo-carnica (Gelmi (1893), Trento, Arco, V. di Non e Bolzanese ad Eppan e pr. Lana.20)

* Campanula linifolia var. valdensis

Origin

Alps, Europe, Mittel- und Sudfrankreich

Vosges, Jura, Alpes, Forez, Auvergne, Cévennes, Pyrénées.21)

1) , 8) , 12) , 13) , 21)
:ref:gastonbonnier01
2) , 9)
:ref:debrotero02
3) , 10) , 17)
:ref:aengler01
4) , 5) , 6) , 18) , 19) , 20)
:ref:adrianofiori01
7)
:ref:LHBailey01
11)
:ref:gnicolini01
14)
:ref:alpinaresearch02
15)
:ref:tygewbocher01
16)
:ref:alpinaresearch03
campanula/linifolia.txt · Laatst gewijzigd: 2014/04/07 21:38 (Externe bewerking)