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campanula:elatines [2017/10/29 14:24] (huidige)
Regel 1: Regel 1:
 +===== Elatines =====
 +{clear}
  
 +===== Campanula Elatines =====
 + L. (( :​ref:​LHBailey01 )).
 +{clear}
 +
 +===== Nomenclatuur =====
 +{clear}
 +Pollini (1822)(( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 ))
 +{clear}
 +Synonym: //Campanula Elatines// ssp. **Elatinoides** (Moretti, 1822). Peduncoli moltiflore. Calice a lobi subeguali alla corolla, assai stretti. Pianta biancastro-tomentosa,​ a ramificazione compatta, robusta, a picciuoli e peduncoli brevi, a fg. grasse e racemi stretti e fitti. - Alpi bresc., bergam. e comasche, non piu trovata nel Trevig. al Cansiglio. (Endem.). - //Campanula Elatines// Pollini (1822), non L. - //Campanula intermedia//​ Ugolini (1912) (f. inter //Campanula elatines// ssp. **Subelatines** et //Campanula Elatines// var. **elatinoides** media). (1759) Section VI: //​Elatines//​ Wohlf. (1895)(( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 ))
 +{clear}. ​
 +Although several botanical varieties and several cultivars have been recognized, the garden plants and not easily referable to them (( :​ref:​LHBailey01 )).
 +{clear}
 +//Campanula fenestrellata//​ Feer synonym //Campanula Elatines// var. //​fenestrellata//​ (Feer) ​ (( :​ref:​LHBailey01 )).
 +
 +===== Names =====
 +{clear}
 +Adriatic Bellflower
 +{clear}
 +
 +===== Habitus =====
 +Vivace, a radice rizomatosa voluminosa, steli prostrati o pendenti, lunghi circa cm. 20(( :​ref:​federazioneitalianadeiconsorzigrari01 ))
 +{clear}
 +Perenni. Fusti cespugliosi,​ semplici o ramosi, spesso pendenti dalle rupi (1-2dm.). (( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 ))
 +{clear}
 +Glabrous or pubescent perennial, stems slender, spreading from a root crown.
 +{clear}
 +
 +Low-growing plants 15-25 cm tall, with slender stems, radiating from the central rosette. Lower leaves long-oval from cordate to rounded with sharp teeth. The flowers are quite large (the length of 2.8-3 cm), collected in narrow panicles. Corolla blue, tubular. It blooms in June and July.(( :​ref:​flower.onego.ru01 ))
 +{clear} ​
 +===== Leaves =====
 +Foglie radicali cuoriformi, dentate, picciolate, le caulinari sessili(( :​ref:​federazioneitalianadeiconsorzigrari01 ))
 +{clear}
 +Fg. dentato-seghettate,​ le infer. cuoriformi-subrotonde od ovali, lungam. piccolato. (( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 ))
 +{clear}
 +Lower leaves long-petioled,​ cordate-ovate to cordate-orbicular,​ to 1 in. long and broad, very sharply toothed.
 +{clear}
 +{clear}
 +It grows in the mountains of the Adriatic.
 +
 +Lower leaves long-oval from cordate to rounded with sharp teeth. (( :​ref:​flower.onego.ru01 ))
 +{clear} ​
 +===== Flowers =====
 +Fiori umerosi in grappoli unilaterali,​ corolla azzurra, biancheggiante alla base interna(( :​ref:​federazioneitalianadeiconsorzigrari01 ))
 +{clear}
 +Lugl.-Sett. Corolla a scodella od appianato-rotata,​ divisa sin oltre la meta. Corolla spianato-rotata,​ divisa sino ai 2/3 od oltre. Calice a lobi strettam. lanceolati. Corolla azzurra col tubo biancastro (rr. bianca), a lobi ovali-lanceolati,​ patenti-riflessi.(( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 ))
 +{clear}
 +Flower measuring,​between 15 - 25mm (5/8 to 1 inch.)(( :​ref:​alpinaresearch02 )) 
 +{clear}
 +Flowers several to many in racemes or narrow panicles, calyx without appendages, lobes linear or awl-shaped, corolla white or blue, to ½ in. across or more, nearly rotate.
 +{clear}
 +{clear}
 +The flowers are quite large (the length of 2.8-3 cm), collected in narrow panicles. Corolla blue, tubular. It blooms in June and July.
 +(( :​ref:​flower.onego.ru01 ))
 +{clear} ​
 +===== Chromosomes =====
 +
 +Na temelju podataka **R. Wohlfahrtha** (1902), **A. Fioria** (1925), **A. Hayeka** (1931), **J. Damboldta** (1965), mozemo skupinu izofilnih zvoncica prikazati na slijedeci nacin:
 +{clear}
 +* //​Campanula//,​ sect. //​Campanula//​
 +{clear}
 +Subsect. //​Elatines//​ (**Wohlfahrth**) Trinajstic, comb. nov.
 +  * Bas. = Rotte //​Elatines//​ **Wohlfahrth** in **Halier** et **Wohlfahrth**.
 +{clear}
 +W. D. J. Koch's Syn Deutsch. u. Schweiz. Fl. ed. 3, 2: 1275 (1902).
 +{clear}
 +  * Syn = Sect. //​Elatines//​ (**Wohlfahrth**) **Fiori**, Nuov. Fl. Anal. d'​Ital. 2: 557 (1925-1929).
 +{clear}
 +1. Ser. //​Elatines//​ - Numerositas chromosomorum 2n = 34, rossulae foliorum steriles non evolutae. Typus seriei: //Campanula elatines// L. 
 +{clear}
 +2. Ser. //​Garganicae//​ **Trinajstic**,​ ser. nov. - Numerositas chromosomorum 2n = 34, rossulae foliorum steriles evolutae. Typus seriei: //Campanula garganica// T e n.
 +{clear}
 +3. Ser. //​Fragiles//​ **Trinajstic**,​ ser. nov. - Numerositas chromosomorum 2n = 32. Typus seriei: //Campanula fragilis// Cyrillo
 +{clear}
 +(( :​ref:​zeljkalovaseneberhardt02 ))
 +{clear}
 +
 +===== Fruit =====
 +{clear}
 +Seed available, in small quantity. Species actually grown or used for breeding (( :​ref:​alpinaresearch03 ))
 +{clear} ​
 +
 +===== Varieties =====
 +{clear}
 +* //Campanula elatines// var. **alba**
 +{clear}
 +* //Campanula elatines// ssp. **Barbeyi** (Feer, 1890). Peduncoli 1-3-flori. Calice a lobi assai piu brevi della corolla. - Piante glabre o pubescenti. Peduncoli ad 1 (rr. 2) fi. Pianta glabra o quasi, intensam. verde e grassetta. Il resto come nella var. prec. - Gargano a M. S. Angelo. (Endem.). (( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 ))
 +{clear}. ​
 +* //Campanula Elatines// var. **elatinoides** (Moretti, 1822). Peduncoli moltiflore. Calice a lobi subeguali alla corolla, assai stretti. Pianta biancastro-tomentosa,​ a ramificazione compatta, robusta, a picciuoli e peduncoli brevi, a fg. grasse e racemi stretti e fitti. - Alpi bresc., bergam. e comasche, non piu trovata nel Trevig. al Cansiglio. (Endem.). - //Campanula Elatines// Pollini (1822), non L. - //Campanula intermedia//​ Ugolini (1912) (f. inter //Campanula elatines// ssp. **Subelatines** et //Campanula Elatines// var. **elatinoides** media).(( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 ))
 +{clear}. ​
 +Fiori – synoniem //Campanula elatinoides//​ Moretti.(( :​ref:​LHBailey01 )).
 +{clear}
 +Seed available, in small quantity. Species actually grown or used for breeding (( :​ref:​alpinaresearch03 ))
 +{clear}
 +Of dense, compact habit, leaves somewhat fleshy, white-tomentose. Italian Alps.
 +{clear}
 +
 +* //Campanula Elatines// L. var. **fenestrellata** (Feer)(( :​ref:​LHBailey01 )) synoniem //Campanula fenestrellata//​ Feer.
 +{clear}
 +[{{:​campanula:​tn_c.fenesterllata_istriaca_2.jpg?​300|Campanula fenestrellata var. istriaca - Foto and drawing Herman Berteler}}]
 +{clear}
 +Seed available, in small quantity. Species actually grown or used for breeding (( :​ref:​alpinaresearch03 ))
 +{clear}
 +Basal leaves glabrous, glossy, pedicels mostly 5-9 times longer than the calyx. Italy to Yugoslavia.
 +{clear}
 +* //Campanula Elatines// L. var. **garganica** (Ten., 1827), Peduncoli 1-3-flori. Calice a lobi assai piu brevi della corolla. - Piante glabre o pubescenti. Peduncoli ad 1 (rr. 2) fi. Piante ca. pelose. Fg. piu piccole (simili a quelle di //Campanula fragilis//​),​ le radicali subrotonde, a denti meno profondi e piu ottusi. Corolla lunga 10 e larga 12-14mm. Pianta piu gracile, a lobi clicini piu stretti e piu acuti. - Gargano a M. S. Angelo e M. Sacro. (Endem.)(( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 ))
 +{clear}
 +//Campanula elatines// L. var. **garganica** 2090-83. De: Botanical Garden of the University of Oslo, Norway. Descr.: sem. 6-5-83(( :​ref:​MontrealJardinbotanique01 ))
 +{clear}
 +
 +Fiori synoniem //Campanula garganica// Ten. (( :​ref:​LHBailey01 )).
 +{clear}
 +Seed available, in small quantity. Species actually grown or used for breeding (( :​ref:​alpinaresearch03 ))
 +{clear}
 +Basal leaves mostly ovate, acute, green, with minute pubescence, corolla 1/8-3/8 in. long. South Italy.
 +{clear}
 +//Campanula garganica// Ten. = //Campanula elatines// var. **garganica**
 +(( :​ref:​flower.onego.ru01 ))
 +{clear}
 +* //Campanula Elatines// L. ssp. **Glaberrima** DC. f. (1830). Peduncoli 1-3-flori. Calice a lobi assai piu brevi della corolla. - Piante glabre o pubescenti. Peduncoli a 3 (rr. 1-2)fi. - Fg. infer. grandi. Pianta del tutto glabra. - Alpi piem. pr. Lanzo e fra Venasca e Brossasco. (Endem.). - //Campanula subalpina// Delponte et Gras (1873)(( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 ))
 +{clear}
 +* //Campanula Elatines// ssp. **Istriaca** (Feer, 1890) Peduncoli 1-3-flori. Calice a lobi assai piu brevi della corolla. - Piante glabre o pubescenti. Peduncoli ad 1 (rr. 2) fi. Piante ca. pelose. Fg. grandi come nel tipo, profondam. ed acutam. dentate, tutte ovali. Corolla lunga 10-12 e larga circa 20mm. - Istria mer. pr. Fianona e sul M. Sissol. is. Lussin. (Is. del Quarnero). - //Campanula garganica// Vis. p. p. (1874), Rchb. f. (1860), non Ten. - //Campanula Pontenschlagiana//​ var. **pubescens** DC. f. p. p. (1839) (( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 ))
 +{clear}
 +Fiori synoniem //Campanula istriaca// Feer, synonym //Campanula fenestrellata//​ var. **istriaca**.(( :​ref:​LHBailey01 )).
 +{clear}
 +Seed available, in small quantity. Species actually grown or used for breeding (( :​ref:​alpinaresearch03 ))
 +{clear}
 +Leaves broadly orbicular, gray-pubescent,​ corolla to ½ in. long or more. Yugoslavia.
 +{clear}
 +* //Campanula Elatines// ssp. **Typica**. Peduncoli 1-3-flori. Calice a lobi assai piu brevi della corolla. - Piante glabre o pubescenti. Peduncoli a 3 (rr. 1-2)fi. - Fg. infer. grandi. Pianta ca. pelosa. - Alpi piem. dalle Graje or. in Valsoana alle Cozie. (( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 ))
 +{clear}
 +[{{:​campanula:​tn_c.fenestrellata_istriaca_3.jpg?​200|Campanula fenestrellata var. istriaca fruit - Foto and drawing Herman Berteler}}]
 +[{{:​campanula:​tn_c.fenestrellata_istriaca.jpg?​300|Campanula fenestrellata var. istriaca leaves ​ - Foto and drawing Herman Berteler}}]
 +{clear}
 +* //Campanula elatines// var. **pubescens** ​
 +{clear}
 +* //Campanula elatines// ssp. **Subelatines** (Ugolini, 1912). Peduncoli moltiflore. Calice a lobi subeguali alla corolla, assai stretti. Pianta glabra o quasi, verde, a ramificazione slanciata, gracile, a picciuoli e peduncoli lunghi, a fg. sottili ed a racemi lassi e divaricati. Portam. del tipo. - Alpi bresciane (luoghi elevati, in vallette anguste od entro grotte). (Endem.).
 +{clear}
 +* //Campanula elatines// var. **typica**
 +{clear}
 +===== Cultivars =====
 +* //Campanula Elatines// L. cv. **‘Alba’** – flowers white
 +{clear}
 +
 +* //Campanula Elatines// L. cv. **‘Erinus’**
 +{clear}
 +* //Campanula elatines// L. cv. **Fenestrellata** (Feer) ​
 +784-82. Orig. Hort. L.H. Bailey. De: The Royal Horticultural Society'​s Garden, Wisley, England. Descr.: sem. 5-3-82(( :​ref:​MontrealJardinbotanique01 ))
 +{clear}
 +
 +* //Campanula elatines// L. cv. **Garganica** (Ten)
 +786-82. Orig. Hort. De: The Royal Horticultural Society'​s Garden, Wisley, England. Descr.: sem. 5-3-82(( :​ref:​MontrealJardinbotanique01 ))
 +{clear}
 +* //Campanula Elatines// L. cv. **‘Glaberrima’**
 +{clear}
 +
 +* //Campanula Elatines// L. cv. **‘Glabra’**
 +{clear}
 +
 +* //Campanula Elatines// L. cv. **‘Hirsuta’**
 +{clear}
 +
 +* //Campanula Elatines// L. cv. **‘Major’**
 +{clear}
 +
 +* //Campanula Elatines// L. cv. **‘Pallida’**
 +{clear}
 +
 +* //Campanula Elatines// L. cv. **‘Villosa’**
 +{clear}
 +===== Breeding =====
 +//​Campanula//​ **'​Lynchmere'​** - Graham Nicholls - Note: A hybrid introduced in the late 1940s/early 1950s being a cross between //Campanula elatines// and //Campanula rotundifolia//​.
 +{clear}
 +===== Use =====
 +Uses: rockeries, mixborders, curbs, group planting, pot culture.(( :​ref:​flower.onego.ru01 ))
 +{clear}
 +
 +===== Origin =====
 +Delle Alpi orientali(( :​ref:​federazioneitalianadeiconsorzigrari01 ))
 +{clear}
 +Rupi calcari e vecchi muri; 4-5. (Dalm. Cefalonia).(( :​ref:​adrianofiori01 ))
 +{clear}
 +A variable species of the Adriatic region and eastward, Italian Alps, Yugoslavia.
 +{clear}
 +{clear}
 +It grows in the mountains of the Adriatic.(( :​ref:​flower.onego.ru01 ))
 +{clear} ​
campanula/elatines.txt · Laatst gewijzigd: 2017/10/29 14:24 (Externe bewerking)