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campanula:edulis [2013/06/24 17:30] (huidige)
Regel 1: Regel 1:
 +===== edulis =====
 +
 +===== Campanula edulis =====
 +Forssk.= Forsskal
 +
 +===== Nomenclatuur =====
 +Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.:​44(1775):​A.DC.,​ Monogr.Camp.:​235 (1830); F.P.S.3:​70(1956);​ E.P.A.: 1052(1965); Thulin in Bot.Notiser 128:354, fig. 1/B(1976). Type: Yemen, Kurma, Forsskal(C,​lecto!).
 +{clear}
 +
 +Synonym: //Campanula esculenta// A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 4(1851). Type: Ethiopia, Tigre, Ouodgerate, Quartin Dillon & Petit (P, lecto.!); //Campanula quartiniana//​ A.Rich., Tent. Fl.Abyss. 2: 5(1851); Hemsl. in F.T.A. 3: 481 (1877); E.P.A. 1053(1965). Type: Ethiopia, Tigre, Memsah, Quartin Dillon & Petit (P. holo!); //Campanula rigidipila//​ A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 3(1851); Hemsl. in F.T.A. 3: 482; U.K.W.F.:​509(1974). Type: Ethiopia, Tigre, Ouodgerate, Quartin Dillon & Petit (P. lecto!); //Campanula sarmentosa//​ A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 4(1851); Type: Ethiopia, Choa, Quartin Dillon & Petit (P. lecto!); //Campanula schimperi// Vatke in Linnaea 38: 712 (1874), nom. **superfl**. Type as for //Campanula rigidipila//;​ //Campanula schimperi// Vatke var. **quartiniana** (A.Rich.) Vatke in Linnaea 40: 201 (1876); //Campanula schimperi// Vatke var. **rigidipila** (A.Rich.) Vatke in Linnaea 40: 201 (1876); //Campanula schimperi// Vatke var. **sarmentosa** (A.Rich.) Vatke in Linnaea 40: 201 (1876); //Campanula rigidipila//​ A.Rich. var. **quartiniana** (A.Rich.) Engl. in Abh. Preuss. Akad.Wiss. 1891: 410(1892); //Campanula rigidipila//​ A.Rich. var. **sarmentosa** (A.Rich.) Engl. in Abh. Preuss. Akad.Wiss. 1891: 410(1892); //Campanula rigidipila//​ A.Rich. var. **esculenta** (A.Rich.) Di Capua in Ann.Ist.Bot.Roma 8:​236(1904).(( :​ref:​Kenya01 ))
 +{clear}
 +===== Habitus =====
 +Plant perennial. Stems 6-70cm. long, few to many, decumbent or ca. erect, ribbed, hirsute. Note; The species is very variable especially in flower-size.(( :​ref:​Kenya01 ))
 +{clear}
 +[{{:​literatuur:​kenya:​tn_kenya_c.edulis.jpg?​200|Kenya-1:​ Campanula edulis, Fig.7,p.36. - Photographer:​ Herman Berteler.}}]
 +{clear}
 +
 +====== Leaves =====
 +Leaves sessile, elliptic to oblanceolate,​ up to 10-50mm. long, 3-16mm. wide, acute to rounded at the apex, with attenuate to subauriculate base; margin entire to ca. distantly and obscurely dentate, sometimes somewhat undulate, hirsute especially on the veins.(( :​ref:​Kenya01 ))
 +{clear} ​
 +===== Flowers =====
 +Inflorescence lax, ca. leafy, sometimes reduced to a single terminal flower. Flowers ca. erect on hirsute, up to 4cm long pedicels. Hypanthium broadly obconical, ca. 10-nerved, hirsute. Calyx-lobes lanceolate to narrowly triangular, 3.5-12 mm long, acute, ciliate-pubescent with triangular reflexed appendages. Corolla blue or purple with whitish base, rarely all white, campanulate to almost cylindrical,​ 7-25(-30)mm. long, with corolla-lobes 1,5-11mm. long, often pilose on the veins outside, otherwise glabrous. Stamens with braodly triangular ciliate filament-base;​ anthers 1.5-3mm. long. Ovary 3(-5)-locular;​ style shorter than the corolla, narrowly 3-5-lobed, glabrous or hairy at the base. (( :​ref:​Kenya01 ))
 +{clear}
 +===== Chromosomes =====
 +//Campanula edulis// and //Campanula keniensis// also differ in their chromosome numbers. They have 2n = 56 and 2n = 54 respectively.(( :​ref:​Kenya01 ))
 +{clear}
 +===== Fruit =====
 +Capsule nodding, 3(-5)-locular,​ dehiscing by small basal valves. Seeds numerous, elliptic-oblong in outline, compressed, 0,7-0,8mm. long, almost smooth, yellowish brown. Fig.7,​p.36.(( :​ref:​Kenya01 ))
 +{clear}
 +===== Living =====
 +Hab. Upland grassland, often on rocky ground; 1500-3700m.(( :​ref:​Kenya01 ))
 +{clear}
 +===== Origin =====
 +**Uganda**. Karamoja District: Mt. Moroto, Imagit Peak. Sept. 1956, J.Wilson 263! & 6 Sept. 1956, Hardy & Bally in Bally 10770!; Kigezi District: Mt. Muhavura, N. slopes, 11 Jan. 1933, C.G.Rogers & Gardner 341!
 +{clear}
 +**Kenya**. Northern Frontier Province: Marsabit, crater above Boma, 18 Oct. 1947, Bally 5670! Aberdare Mts., Kinangop, Lereko, July 1932, Napier 2107! & S. Kinangop, 21 May 1968, J.Williams WB2!
 +{clear}
 +**Tanzania**. Masai District: S. rim of Ngorongoro Crater, 21 June 1965, Herlocker 136!: Mbulu District: Mt. Hanang, Werther'​s Peak, 12 febr. 1946, Greenway 7709!; Arusha District: Mt. Meru, E. side, 7 Apr. 1965, Richards 20086! ​
 +{clear}
 +Distr. Ul,​2;​Kl.3,​4,​6;​T2;​ Ethiopa, Sudan, Somalia, Rwanda and Yemen, possibly also in Chad and S.Algeria.
 +{clear}
 +The variation is continuous, however, even though large-flowered forms predominate on certain mountains, e.g. Mt. Moroto in Uganda, Mts. Hanang and Ngorongoro in Tanzania and some others in Ethiopia.(( :​ref:​Kenya01 ))
 +{clear}
  
campanula/edulis.txt · Laatst gewijzigd: 2013/06/24 17:30 (Externe bewerking)